THE THIRD OF DELHI ‘S early 1 capitals Tughluqabad is dominated by its spectacular fort, built by Ghiyasucklin Tughluq early in the 14th century. The fort was so sturdily constructed that its rubble-built walls, following the contours of the hill, survive intact all along the 7-km (4- mile) perimeter. Rising from the citadel to the right of the main entrance are the ruins of the Vijay Mandal (“Tower of Victory”). To the left is a rectangular area where arches are all that remain of a complex of palaces, houses and halls. Legend has it that when Ghiyasucklin tried to prevent the building of the baoli at Hazrat Nizamucklin Auliya’s dargah the saint cursed him, saying that one day only jackals and the Gujjar tribe would inhabit his capital.
A good view of the fort and of the smaller, adjoining Adilahad Fort, is possible from the walls. Adilabad was built by Muhammad bin Tughiug , who is believed to have killed his father Ghiyasuddin by contriving to have a gateway collapse on him. Both arc buried in Ghiyasuddin Tomb, attached to the Tughiugabad Fort by a causeway that crossed the dammed waters of a lake. Constructed in red sandstone and inlaid with white marble, the tomb’s sloping walls pioneered a style that was used in all subsequent.