THE THIRD OF DELHI ‘S early 1 capitals Tughluqabad is dominated by its spectacular fort, built by Ghiyasucklin Tughluq early in the 14th century. The fort was so sturdily constructed that its rubble-built walls, following the contours of the hill, survive intact all along the 7-km (4- mile) perimeter. Rising from the citadel to the right of the main entrance are the ruins of the Vijay Mandal (“Tower of Victory”). To the left is a rectangular area where arches are all that remain of a complex of palaces, houses and halls. Legend has it that when Ghiyasucklin tried to prevent the building of the baoli at Hazrat Nizamucklin Auliya’s dargah¬† the saint cursed him, saying that one day only jackals and the Gujjar tribe would inhabit his capital.

A good view of the fort and of the smaller, adjoining Adilahad Fort, is possible from the walls. Adilabad was built by Muhammad bin Tughiug , who is believed to have killed his father Ghiyasuddin by contriving to have a gateway collapse on him. Both arc buried in Ghiyasuddin Tomb, attached to the Tughiugabad Fort by a causeway that crossed the dammed waters of a lake. Constructed in red sandstone and inlaid with white marble, the tomb’s sloping walls pioneered a style that was used in all subsequent.

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