THE SUN TEMPLE at Modhera was I built in 1026 by King Bhima I of the Solanki dynasty. It is so precisely laid out in an east-west direction that the sun’s rays course through its chambers and strike the centre of the inner sanctum at high noon every clay. The carvings, both inside and on the exterior, are extraordinarily detailed, depicting a pantheon of Hindu deities as well as scenes from everyday life. An impressive tank dominates the forecourt. The juxtaposition of a tank with a Sun Temple is inspired by Vedic scriptures, which say that the sun was born from the depths of a primordial ocean.