THIS THRIVING PORT on the estuary of the Netavati and Gurpur rivers is the largest city In Dakshina (South) Kanara, the coastal district famous for its coffee, cashewnut and pepper plantations. Rich harvests of these crops have Attracted traders through the ages. Arab merchants first came here in the 13th and 14th centuries, and were laitter followed by the Portuguese and the British.

Mangalore today, presents a panorama of terracottaroofed houses, whitewashed churches, temples and mosques, nestling amid groves if coconut palms. Among its historic monuments is the watchtower, known as Sultan’s Battery, built of laterite in 1763 by Haider Ali off Mysore. Mangalore’s 19th-century churches include the domed¬† church of the Most Holy Rosary and the Jesuit College of St Aloysius. Situated at the foot of Kadiri Hill, 3 km (2 miles) north of the city, is the I 7th-century Manjunath Temple, with some superb bronze images of the Buddha, dating to the 12th-13th centuries, installed in the porch.

ENVIRONS: The pleasant beach resort at Ullal is just 12 km (7 miles) south of the city. Numerous Bain temples and monasteries clot the villages around Mangalore. The finest is the elaborate 15th-century Chandranatha Basti at Mudabidri, 35 km (22 miles) to the northwest. Dominating the summit of a hill at Karkala, 18 km (11 miles) further north, is the 13-m (43-ft) high Gommateshvara monolith (1432), an obvious imitation of the larger and earlier one at Sravana Belgola. The 16th-century Chaturmukha Basti, a perfectly symmetrical temple with a central chamber enshrining 12 thithankaras, stands at the base of the hill. The pilgrimage town of Dharmasthala, 75 km (47 miles) to the east, is well-known for its Shiva temple. Its Gornmateshvara statue was installed in 1973 by an influential local family.

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