LOCATED CLOSE to the border with Nepal, Dudhwa National Park covers 490 sq km (189 sq miles) of densely wooded plains. Its forests have some of the finest specimens of sal trees in India. In 1988, Dudhwa was recognized as a Tiger Reserve, mainly due to the efforts of Billy Arian Singh, a legendary environmentalist. Arian Singh is best-known for the tigress, Tara, he hand-reared and returned to the wild in 1978.
Today, the park has more than 30 tigers. The park is also well known for its herds of swamp deer (Cervus duvaucelt ). Better known as barastnRha (literally, 12- antlered), these deer find their ideal habitat in the grassy wetlands in the southern reaches of the park.
Other species include leopards, sloth bears and a small herd of rhinos, brought here from Assam and Nepal, in an attempt to re-introduce the species into Dudhwa. The park is also home to nearly 400 species of birds, among them swamp partidges, lesser floricans and hornbills. The park’s lakes attract waterfowl such as fishing eagles and ibis.