DHOLAVIRA is a small village where archaeologists have unearthed extensive Remains of a city that dates back to about 3000 BC. Lying Khadir island in the Rann Hof. Kutch it is, along with Lethal the largest known Indus Valley settlement in India. The site reveals evidence of a remarkable, planned city with broad toads, containing a central citadel, a middle town with spacious dwellings, a lower town with open spaces for markets and festivities, and two stadia. An intriguing tencharacter inscription (which is still to be deciphered) is on the citadel’s northern gate. The presence of large reservoirs and a dam reflect the existence of sophisticated systems for harvesting water.