ONCE THE CAPITAL of the Jat Likings of Bharatpur, Deeg rose to prominence after the decline of the Mughal empire in the 18th century. Its square fort and fortified town, once filled with grand mansions and gardens, now lie unkempt and forlorn. Deeg’s Raja Suraj Mal and his son, Jawahar Singh, were keen builders of lavish pleasure palaces and the most remarkable of these is the Deeg Water Palace, a romantic summer retreat for the Jat kings. The magic of the monsoon inspired a lyrical composition of sandstone and marble pavilions replete with gardens and pools. A skilful cooling system drew water from a huge reservoir and used a number of innovative special effects to simulate monsoon showers and even college, while the other two, around the Katcheri Bagh, house the State Museum. Its artifacts include a rare collection of 1st- and 2nd-century stone carvings. An interesting sunken hainam (bath) is close by. In 1818, Bharatpur became the region’s first princely state to sign a treaty with the East India Company. Keoladeo Ghana National Park produce rainbows. The coloured fountains are now used only during the Jawahar Mela.