THE NAME BIHAR derives from the Sanskrit word vihara, or monastery an apt appellation for a state which was the birthplace of Buddhism. Major sites associated with the life and teachings of the Buddha, such as Bodh Gaya, Nalanda and Rajgir, lie in the dry plains of central Bihar and are the main attractions for visitors to the state. Northern Bihar is a fertile agricultural plain, watered by the River Ganges and its tributaries, where the famous Patna rice is grown.In November 2000, the southern part of Bihar became the new state of Jharkhand, which is dominated by a scenic and thickly forested highland called theChhota Nagpur Plateau. The game sanctuaries of Palamau and Hazaribagh are located here. Jharkhand is rich in mineral resources, and is also the home of several indigenous tribes, believed to be bamong the earliest settlers of the Indian subcontinent.
FAMOUS PLACES IN BIHAR & JHARKHAND